JACK-AUDIO-CONNECTION-KIT 0.124.0
Data Structures | Functions

ringbuffer.h File Reference

#include <sys/types.h>

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Data Structures

struct  jack_ringbuffer_data_t
struct  jack_ringbuffer_t

Functions

jack_ringbuffer_tjack_ringbuffer_create (size_t sz)
void jack_ringbuffer_free (jack_ringbuffer_t *rb)
void jack_ringbuffer_get_read_vector (const jack_ringbuffer_t *rb, jack_ringbuffer_data_t *vec)
void jack_ringbuffer_get_write_vector (const jack_ringbuffer_t *rb, jack_ringbuffer_data_t *vec)
size_t jack_ringbuffer_read (jack_ringbuffer_t *rb, char *dest, size_t cnt)
size_t jack_ringbuffer_peek (jack_ringbuffer_t *rb, char *dest, size_t cnt)
void jack_ringbuffer_read_advance (jack_ringbuffer_t *rb, size_t cnt)
size_t jack_ringbuffer_read_space (const jack_ringbuffer_t *rb)
int jack_ringbuffer_mlock (jack_ringbuffer_t *rb)
void jack_ringbuffer_reset (jack_ringbuffer_t *rb)
size_t jack_ringbuffer_write (jack_ringbuffer_t *rb, const char *src, size_t cnt)
void jack_ringbuffer_write_advance (jack_ringbuffer_t *rb, size_t cnt)
size_t jack_ringbuffer_write_space (const jack_ringbuffer_t *rb)

Detailed Description

A set of library functions to make lock-free ringbuffers available to JACK clients. The `capture_client.c' (in the example_clients directory) is a fully functioning user of this API.

The key attribute of a ringbuffer is that it can be safely accessed by two threads simultaneously -- one reading from the buffer and the other writing to it -- without using any synchronization or mutual exclusion primitives. For this to work correctly, there can only be a single reader and a single writer thread. Their identities cannot be interchanged.


Function Documentation

jack_ringbuffer_t* jack_ringbuffer_create ( size_t  sz)

Allocates a ringbuffer data structure of a specified size. The caller must arrange for a call to jack_ringbuffer_free() to release the memory associated with the ringbuffer.

Parameters:
szthe ringbuffer size in bytes.
Returns:
a pointer to a new jack_ringbuffer_t, if successful; NULL otherwise.
void jack_ringbuffer_free ( jack_ringbuffer_t rb)

Frees the ringbuffer data structure allocated by an earlier call to jack_ringbuffer_create().

Parameters:
rba pointer to the ringbuffer structure.
void jack_ringbuffer_get_read_vector ( const jack_ringbuffer_t rb,
jack_ringbuffer_data_t vec 
)

Fill a data structure with a description of the current readable data held in the ringbuffer. This description is returned in a two element array of jack_ringbuffer_data_t. Two elements are needed because the data to be read may be split across the end of the ringbuffer.

The first element will always contain a valid len field, which may be zero or greater. If the len field is non-zero, then data can be read in a contiguous fashion using the address given in the corresponding buf field.

If the second element has a non-zero len field, then a second contiguous stretch of data can be read from the address given in its corresponding buf field.

Parameters:
rba pointer to the ringbuffer structure.
veca pointer to a 2 element array of jack_ringbuffer_data_t.
void jack_ringbuffer_get_write_vector ( const jack_ringbuffer_t rb,
jack_ringbuffer_data_t vec 
)

Fill a data structure with a description of the current writable space in the ringbuffer. The description is returned in a two element array of jack_ringbuffer_data_t. Two elements are needed because the space available for writing may be split across the end of the ringbuffer.

The first element will always contain a valid len field, which may be zero or greater. If the len field is non-zero, then data can be written in a contiguous fashion using the address given in the corresponding buf field.

If the second element has a non-zero len field, then a second contiguous stretch of data can be written to the address given in the corresponding buf field.

Parameters:
rba pointer to the ringbuffer structure.
veca pointer to a 2 element array of jack_ringbuffer_data_t.
int jack_ringbuffer_mlock ( jack_ringbuffer_t rb)

Lock a ringbuffer data block into memory.

Uses the mlock() system call. This is not a realtime operation.

Parameters:
rba pointer to the ringbuffer structure.
size_t jack_ringbuffer_peek ( jack_ringbuffer_t rb,
char *  dest,
size_t  cnt 
)

Read data from the ringbuffer. Opposed to jack_ringbuffer_read() this function does not move the read pointer. Thus it's a convenient way to inspect data in the ringbuffer in a continous fashion. The price is that the data is copied into a user provided buffer. For "raw" non-copy inspection of the data in the ringbuffer use jack_ringbuffer_get_read_vector().

Parameters:
rba pointer to the ringbuffer structure.
desta pointer to a buffer where data read from the ringbuffer will go.
cntthe number of bytes to read.
Returns:
the number of bytes read, which may range from 0 to cnt.
size_t jack_ringbuffer_read ( jack_ringbuffer_t rb,
char *  dest,
size_t  cnt 
)

Read data from the ringbuffer.

Parameters:
rba pointer to the ringbuffer structure.
desta pointer to a buffer where data read from the ringbuffer will go.
cntthe number of bytes to read.
Returns:
the number of bytes read, which may range from 0 to cnt.
void jack_ringbuffer_read_advance ( jack_ringbuffer_t rb,
size_t  cnt 
)

Advance the read pointer.

After data have been read from the ringbuffer using the pointers returned by jack_ringbuffer_get_read_vector(), use this function to advance the buffer pointers, making that space available for future write operations.

Parameters:
rba pointer to the ringbuffer structure.
cntthe number of bytes read.
size_t jack_ringbuffer_read_space ( const jack_ringbuffer_t rb)

Return the number of bytes available for reading.

Parameters:
rba pointer to the ringbuffer structure.
Returns:
the number of bytes available to read.
void jack_ringbuffer_reset ( jack_ringbuffer_t rb)

Reset the read and write pointers, making an empty buffer.

This is not thread safe.

Parameters:
rba pointer to the ringbuffer structure.
size_t jack_ringbuffer_write ( jack_ringbuffer_t rb,
const char *  src,
size_t  cnt 
)

Write data into the ringbuffer.

Parameters:
rba pointer to the ringbuffer structure.
srca pointer to the data to be written to the ringbuffer.
cntthe number of bytes to write.
Returns:
the number of bytes write, which may range from 0 to cnt
void jack_ringbuffer_write_advance ( jack_ringbuffer_t rb,
size_t  cnt 
)

Advance the write pointer.

After data have been written the ringbuffer using the pointers returned by jack_ringbuffer_get_write_vector(), use this function to advance the buffer pointer, making the data available for future read operations.

Parameters:
rba pointer to the ringbuffer structure.
cntthe number of bytes written.
size_t jack_ringbuffer_write_space ( const jack_ringbuffer_t rb)

Return the number of bytes available for writing.

Parameters:
rba pointer to the ringbuffer structure.
Returns:
the amount of free space (in bytes) available for writing.